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Använd sökfunktionen för publikationer för att söka efter titlar eller ämnen, exempelvis anti-dumpning, globala värdekedjor eller tjänstedirektivet.

Publications in English

  1. Maj 2014 | Rapporter | English

    Moving to Sweden

    Obstacles to the Free Movement of EU Citizens

    Citizens of the European Union (EU) have the right to visit, work, study and retire in other member states. The free movement of persons becomes more important for commerce as production assumes a more specialized and internationalized nature. Production can depend on fast access to the skills and expertise of a few specialists, and it should therefore be easy for them to move between production sites and customers in different member states.

    In this report the Swedish National Board of Trade focuses on the situation of EU citizens who want to move and work in Sweden. While in many ways, it is easy to live in Sweden as an EU citizen, obstacles still remain that need to be overcome. The report is an edited version of a 2013 report in Swedish: Att flytta till Sverige - hinder för den fria rörligheten för EU-medborgare.

  2. April 2014 | Rapporter | English

    World Trade in the 21st Century

    In this report, the National Board of Trade summarises important trends that challenge conventional wisdom with respect to international trade. The report is based on previous analysis by the National Board of Trade and it describes:

    1. how production increasingly takes place in international networks
    2. the increased service content of trade - so called "servicification"
    3. the digitalisation of international trade

    Digitalisation is probably the most important of these three trends. On the one hand, it gives rise to completely new types of trade. On the other hand, it paves the way for servicification and further specialisation within international production networks.

  3. Januari 2014 | Rapporter | English

    No Transfer, No Trade

    -The Importance of Cross-Border Data Transfers for Companies Based in Sweden

    Today, business and trade is totally dependent on data flows – data that has to be moved in order to make trade happen and for efficient running of companies. The world has gone digital. The possibility for companies, organisations, governments and individuals to move and share data is a precondition for this. While creating enormous opportunities, the digital age also raises important concerns, including the protection of personal information. With this report, we hope to improve the understanding of the issue of data transfers, especially how companies use data transfers as part of their everyday trade and thus how data protection and regulations affect their business opportunities.

  4. November 2013 | Rapporter | English

    Global Value Chains and Developing Countries

    An Introduction

    Över hälften av världshandeln är idag handel med insatsvaror och insatstjänster. Innan en färdig produkt når sin slutkund har komponeter och delkomponenter passerat flera gränser. Handelshinder blir på så sätt än mer handelsstörande, eftersom de drabbar en och samma produkt flera gånger. För att utvecklingsländer ska kunna delta i den internationella handeln som den ser ut idag, är det avgörande att de förenklar gränspassagen av varor.

  5. November 2013 | Rapporter | English

    Eliminating Anti-Dumping Measures in Regional Trade Agreements

    The European Union Example

    In recent years, the number of regional trade agreements has proliferated. The great majority, about 90 per cent, of the regional trade agreements allow member countries to use anti-dumping measures against one another. Due to the fact that about 75 per cent of all regional trade agreements include provisions on competiton rules, it may be possible to replace anti-dumping measures with competition rules if there is emphasis placed on this during the trade negotiations.

    This report argues that the inclusion of competition rules and other forms of policy harmonisation between member countries is a possible substitute for the use of anti-dumping measures in regional trade agreements. The possibility of replacing anti-dumping measures with competition rules and other relevant harmonisation provisions should be considered by the EU and other countries in future regional trade agreements. Regional trade agreements could, for example, establish a common competition authority in order to render the provisions on competition meaningful.

  6. November 2013 | Rapporter | English

    Effects on Trade and Competition of Abolishing Anti-Dumping Measures

    The European Union Experience

    The European Union (EU) is one of the few regional trade agreements where the anti-dumping measures that were in place have been abolished between the member states as they are integrated. In addition, the EU is one of the few regional trade agreements that have established common competition rules. EU integration is, accordingly, the most relevant case to study in order to gain an understanding of the effects of abolishing anti-dumping measures and of whether 'unfair competition' is still taking place.

    The report observes that the abolition of anti-dumping measures within the EU at its enlargement in 2004 did not cause injury to the EU15's industry in terms of price undercutting and loss of market share (in a comparison between the years 2004 and 2008). The abolition of anti-dumping measures did not accelerate the alleged dumping practices of the accession countries. The level of price undercutting decreased slightly when the measures were abolished.

  7. Oktober 2013 | Rapporter | English

    Just Add Services – a case study on servicification and the agri-food sector

    Företag i livsmedelsindustrin är beroende av tjänster för produktionen och försäljning av sina varor. Utan tjänster kan inga livsmedel bli till eller nå middagsbordet eftersom jordbruks- och livsmedelsindustrin behöver tjänster för att kunna producera och sälja varor. I denna studie kartlägger Kommerskollegium livsmedelsföretaget Aromatics tjänsteanvändning. Resultatet jämförs med en tidigare studie om tillverkningsföretaget Sandvik Tooling.

  8. Oktober 2013 | Informationsmaterial | English

    Bilateral Investment Treaties (BITs)

    - how they work

    Ordet investeringsskydd används för att beskriva det skydd som länder garanterar att de ger till investerare från andra länder. Skyddet skapas genom ett internationellt avtal mellan investerarens hemland och värdlandet. Investeringsskyddsavtalen kallas på engelska ofta Bilateral Investment Treaties och förkortas BITs. I skriften kan du bland annat läsa om hur dessa avtal uppkommit, hur de fungerar och om Sverige och BITs.

    Rapporten finns även i en svensk version.

  9. Juni 2013 | Rapporter | English

    Making Trade Happen

    Business Perspectives on Cross-Border Movement of Persons

    För att varor och tjänster ska kunna röra sig över gränserna behöver även människor kunna göra det. Svenska företags verksamhet blir allt mer internationell och med detta följer ett ökat behov för anställda i företag att färdas in till och ut ur Sverige. Det handlar om att förbereda, åtfölja och leverera varor och tjänster. Ibland behövs korta besök för att träffa kunder, ibland längre utstationeringar för att t ex praktisera på utlandskontor eller för att bygga upp ny verksamhet.

    Rapporten bygger bland annat på intervjuer med svenska företag som bedriver internationell verksamhet. Företagen har olika behov och upplevelser, men är ense om att såväl verksamheten i Sverige som utrikeshandeln ofta är helt beroende av att såväl anställda som potentiella nyrekryteringar kan röra sig mellan länder.

  10. Juni 2013 | Rapporter | English

    Targeting the Environment

    Exploring a New Trend in the EU’s Trade Defence Investigations

    In recent years, the European Union's trade defence instruments (TDI) have increasingly been directed towards renewable energy sources, such as biodiesel, bioethanol, glass fibres, solar panels and solar glass. The TDI investigations on renewable energy sources affect import values which are among the highest of any of the EU's TDI measures. This provides an indication that there are considerable environmental values involved.

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